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随着我们继续将平台上的社区过渡到全新的统一社区体验(英文:Unified Community Experience,简称UCX),您现在有机会设计并测试您的社区将会是怎样的。

对很多人来说,除了wiki的基本主题和色彩图案,还有其他东西需要测试和重新设计。调整wiki的外观通常会远远超出预设,而进入更深层次的定制化领域。

正如我们将解释的那样,随着UCX的推出,我们还将推出更新后的定制化原则——在您的社区上如何并且可以定制化哪些内容的规则。根据您对此前定制化原则的版本的反馈,我们相信有一些方面能够提供更开放的方法。However, there are still some hard and fast, black and white rules that we must lay out. Read on to learn more.

取得平衡

Customization and community identity have always been core to the Fandom experience. That’s why Fandom has developed the UCX with further user customizations in mind. While we tested, explored, and iterated upon the “default” look, we also examined heavily-customized communities and tried to understand how additional layers of user-created customizations would affect the final look.

Yet, while customization is important, there must be logical limits in place of what can and can not occur. As people move from one community to another, evolving from reader to editors to founders, it's important that they are able to take what they learn from one wiki and build on that. A key part of this learning experience is having the user interface and features be consistent - visitors should be able to rely on the interface and features being in expected places as they move around Fandom.

The Customization Policy below exists to maintain this critical balance - customization and creative expression on one side and consistency and usability on the other. In particular, this new version of the customization policy will focus most strongly on the usability of a community. While we are allowing more parts of the design to be modified than in previous versions of this policy, we are going to be more aggressive about ensuring readers with varying levels of technological and physical abilities will be able to use your community.

一般准则

Simply because you “can” do something doesn’t mean you “should”. While there are some specific things we allow and don’t allow listed further down the page, it’s always a good idea to consider a few things before moving forward with a customization.

Theme Designer - We’ve built a lot of customization options into our Theme Designer tool. It’s designed to allow you to quickly and easily make changes to your design without having to mess with complicated CSS/JS code. It’s best to use a tool purpose-made for site design rather than having to configure the code manually, which could have unexpected consequences.

Discuss changes with your community. - It’s always important to ensure your community is on board with a site design change. What looks good to you may look bad to others. It’s also important to consider if the proposed change solves a problem or limitation with your current design. If it doesn’t, is the change actually necessary?

Consider usability. Critically, remember there are individuals that use your site that may have physical limitations that could make a customization detrimental to their reading or editing experience. Avoid a reliance on color coding to be inclusive of colorblind individuals. Make sure any custom fonts or font-sizes can be read by those with poor eyesight - test on a screen reader when possible. And opacity can be taxing on even those who have normal vision.

Consider screen sizes. Remember that the UCX desktop design has a fluid width, so how a customization appears on your screen may look different on others. This is especially true if you have a larger-than-average monitor. Hardcoding a CSS change to space things out a certain way on your screen may unexpectedly compress or distort the viewing experience for other users.

Consider performance. It’s also important to consider the CSS & JS files take up computational and rendering time, especially if you are loading up an image. Poor speeds can hurt your SEO. It can also affect users with lower-bandwidth connections. If you must load images using CSS or JS, make sure they are as small and compressed as possible.

禁止事项

It is important to note that all the following policies apply to site-level JavaScript & CSS (i.e. code stored on your wiki’s MediaWiki namespace). You may continue to use your personal JavaScript/CSS however you would like as long as it does not affect any other user. Also please note that, as noted in a previous section, if a customization makes a part of the community unusable, regardless of what “area” that customization affects, we will ask you to modify or remove it.

页面内容区域 Communities may customize the content area of their community (that is to say the area of the page where user-submitted content is displayed) as desired.
基本界面元素和广告 The user interface and advertisements are the basic, expected functions of the site, and must remain in place. For example, a visitor should always see the “Edit” button or the "Recent Changes" button in the same place, and it should work as they expect. Additionally, custom cursors are not permitted. Some features are optional, but these should be managed via the settings or with staff help, rather than being removed via CSS. This helps us to track the features and get accurate data on how they are being used across Fandom.
网站背景图片 The complete background of the page may be modified using CSS to override or complement the “page header”-type image. Other changes to the background may not force the site to be rendered in a certain width or otherwise modify the fluidity of the layout.
全域导航栏 We consider this a core element of the site due to both its value to cross-wiki discovery and as the entry point to the user’s personalized experience. As such, the left hand global navigation bar may not be altered, repositioned, obscured, or otherwise affected in any way.
本地导航栏 Additional top-level menus may not be added to the local navigation beyond the functionality allowed through the navigation tool. Additional items on all other child menus may be appended as necessary.
页面各级标题 The page header may be modified through the use of properly-licensed fonts. However, Fandom staff will be particularly proactive in addressing any issues that negatively impact the usability of this part of the page and will ask you to change it if we deem it unusable.
右侧栏 Additional elements and modules are allowed to be placed in the right rail, below the default elements. However, they may not push down the placement of the advertisement module in that space.

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