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Copy of Wikipedia: User:HailFire/Sandbox/Barad


If you've arrived at this point, you've may have guessed it, my last name is Barad. But the links collected in this sandbox aren't a work of pure vanity (obsession, quite possibly, but not vanity). Rather all of this is motivated by my lifelong inability to fully answer a question that has been addressed to me many times: What kind of name is "Barad"?

On the Barad (surname) page I've referenced what I could find to identify surname meanings among different groups. Ancestry.com has these Family Facts: Name Meanings from the Dictionary of American Family Names. The Ellis Island database records 61 arrivals of Barad surnamed passengers to the USA.

As a word, barad appears in Arabic (cold), Hebrew (hail), Persian (messenger?), and Hindu (a kind of title, meaning?). As a surname, I have traced it to these places: Argentina, Austria/Galicia, Azores, England, France, Germany, Hungary, India, Iran, Israel, Kuwait, Poland, Romania, Russia, Spain, Syria, Ukraine, and USA. As a place name, it is found in Egypt, Syria, Libya, Pakistan, India, and Bangladesh. See GNS Search page.

If you have any inputs to share, please fel free to make you changes here, or add a note in the associated Talk page.


Here's a gaggle of Wikipedia and Googled links I've tried to put in some order...


ArabicEdit

http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/routledg/cbjm/2002/00000029/00000001/art00004;jsessionid=603hitpf5j06m.alice#avail http://journalsonline.tandf.co.uk/(smoj2rz01wdcrhjebh4jii55)/app/home/contribution.asp?referrer=parent&backto=searcharticlesresults,1,4;

http://www.lib.cam.ac.uk/Taylor-Schechter/as.html

On the Origin of the Word barid in Arabic—A Brief Note Author: Shivtiel A. Source: British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies, Volume 29, Number 1, 1 May 2002, pp. 79-79(1) Publisher: Routledge, part of the Taylor & Francis Group

Wikipedia_talk:Naming_conventions_(Arabic)#Starting the project
Al-
Talk:Mohamed_ElBaradei#Last name
http://weekly.ahram.org.eg/2002/614/fr3.htm
Awwad Barad al-Enezi, former Minister of Parliament of Kuwait
[1]

http://2muslims.com/cgi-bin/links/detail_page.cgi?ID=224082

Barrah : Pious.


Nahr al-Barad

http://www.israelforum.com/board/showthread.php?t=7330 In 2002, James Walsh, former American officer in the 70s with the National Security Agency, who was in charge with intercepting Arafat’s phone calls, contacted me after I published an extended article on Arafat in the US media. Walsh was still obsessed by a never deciphered phone call between Arafat and one of his deputies, Abu Jihad. “Terminate Nahr al-Barad,” was the order. The mystery was then solved: Nahr al-Barad was the code-name for the PLO operation to kidnap Ambassador Cleo A. Noel Jr.

JewishEdit

Yad Vashem search on "Barad"

RussianEdit

http://www.unics.uni-hannover.de/ntr/russisch/umschrifttabelle.html http://www.ia.net/~jcarroll/privet/script.html

From birth record of Pesja Barad (Песя Барад), born in Odessa in 1885

Leah Лея Лея
Natan Натан Натан
Nuta Нута Нута
Pesja Песя Песя

[2] Vsia Rossiia 1895 Business Directory

BARAD 

kitchenware 1895 181 Ostrog
Volhynia

Rivne Oblast


Zhytomyr Oblast

IndiaEdit

http://www.surnameweb.org/scripts/data/database.cgi?file=swlink&report=norigin&surname=Barad

ID: 21848 Barad is a Rajput (warrior tribe in india) surname. Barad originated from the PARMAR rajputs. their gautra is parashar. Surnames and Variants: Barad

Submitter: Amit


Bharat

Bharata, sometimes Bhāratavarsha (Bhārat or Bharatvarsha in Hindi) is the name in Sanskrit and many languages of India for northern India. The Hindi form is also an official name of the Republic of India, and possibly the earliest name given to the nation. (Article 1 of the Constitution of India - 'India that is Bharat shall be a Union of States.'). In Sanskrit, it is pronounced as /bhα: rətə/ while in Hindi as /bhα: rət/.

http://www.columbia.edu/itc/mealac/pritchett/00islamlinks/ikram/glossary.html

BARID. Official in charge of intelligence and newsgathering. The barid-i-mumalik was the head of the central office, and his agents sent in reports from all over the country. This system was of great importance in controlling local governments.

http://www.columbia.edu/itc/mealac/pritchett/00islamlinks/ikram/part1_06.html

Another important independent kingdom was the Bahmani sultanate in the Deccan which lasted from 1347 to 1527. For a little less than a century and a half (1347–1482) it prospered until it extended from the western to the eastern coasts of South India. Ultimately it broke into five principalities—the Adil Shahis of Bijapur (1490–1686), the Nizam Shahis of Ahmadnagar (1480–1633), the Imad Shahis of Berar (1490–1568), the Barid Shahis of Bidar (1480–1609), and the Qutb Shahis of Golkunda (1512–1687).

The rulers of these Deccan kingdoms attracted scholars, poets, and statesmen from Persia and Iraq, but local talent was employed to a much larger extent than was the case at Delhi. At one time the principal ministers at Bijapur were Hindu, and the Maratha chief, Shahji of Ahmadnagar, the father of Shivaji, occupied a distinguished position in the army. In linguistic matters also there was closer collaboration between the Hindus and the Muslims. Marathi was the language used for village records, and the rulers helped the development of the Deccani variety of Hindustani. They themselves composed verses in that language and encouraged others, and it was no accident that although Hindustani appeared in northern India in the very beginning of the Muslim rule, it was the Deccani idiom that first attained literary status.

SpainEdit

Sport team? http://www.fcde.org/equips2006/llistes/barad.htm


http://www.chabad.org/library/article.asp?AID=112347

Rabbi Jacob Berab (5234-5301; 1474-1541)

Rabbi Jacob ben Rabbi Moshe Berab was one of the greatest Torah scholars of his time, over 400 years ago. He is particularly famous for his attempt to renew the "Semicha" (special Rabbinical ordination)-but about that a little later.

"Berab" is an added name, an honorary title bestowed on select Torah scholars.

PersiaEdit

http://www.middleeastinfo.org/forum/index.php?showtopic=4348

'Barid' (postal service)

http://www.tehranavenue.com/print.php?ln=en&id=565

Barad Iran rock band

http://library.osu.edu/sites/jdc/0310html.htm

Albaradani, Joseph, ca. 925-ca. 999 ha-Hazan ha-gadol asher be-Bagdad / piyute Yosef ben Hayim Alberdani ; hehedirah ve-hosifah mavo beur, veurot, Tovah Beeri (le-vet Avineri) -- Yerushalayim : Mekhon Ben-Tsevi le-heker kehilot Yisrael ba-mizrah ; Yad Yitshak Ben-Tsevi ; Universitah ha-Ivrit bi-Yerushalayim, 2002. 693, vii p. ; 25 cm. Alternate title: "Great cantor" of Baghdad : the liturgical poems of Joseph ben Hayyim al-Baradani.

http://www.davidsconsultants.com/jewishhistory/history.php?startyear=940&endyear=949

940 - 1006 JOSEPH ALBARADANI (Persia)

The first famous cantor, known as the great hazzan of Bagdhad. Albaradani also composed several introductional poems known as reshuyyot. His sons and his grandson were famous as well. They also served in the great synagogue of Baghdad.


Place namesEdit

SpainEdit

Tineo Parroquias (Parishes) El Baradal, Spain

SyriaEdit

Barada The Barada (Arabic بردى) (Greek Chrysorrhoas: golden stream) is the main river of Damascus, the capital city of Syria. It flows from the spring of `Ayn Fijah (عين فجة), about 27 km north west of Damascus in the Anti-Lebanon Mountains. The Barada descends through a steep, narrow gorge before it arrives at Damascus, where it divides into seven branches that irrigate the oasis of Ghuta (الغوطة). The 'Barada' name is thought to derive from 'barid', ie 'cold'

USAEdit

Barada, Nebraska

EgyptEdit

http://www.fallingrain.com/world/EG/12/Al_Baradiah.html http://www.travelpost.com/AF/Egypt/Al_Qalyubiyah/Al_Baradiah/5930012

Saudi ArabiaEdit

http://shaketheheavens.org/cities/burayda.shtml Population: approx. 380,000 Location: Captial of Qasim Province, 350 km northwest of Riyadh Distinctives: Alternate spellings: Buraydah, Buraida, Buraidah Name possibly comes from barad: cold, since there is an abundance (relatively) of water and the climate is somewhat cooler, or possibly named after Buraidah ibn Al-Haseeb, one of the Prophet's Companions, or Buraidah, the daughter of Ibn Hazal who was sold at the beginning of the 11th Hijarah century to Rashed Al-Duraibi, an ancestor of the Abu Olayan family, ancient rulers of Buraidah [1] Situated in the middle of Saudi's "Qur'an Belt" Largely agricultural in economy Reputation for extreme conservativism City of cultural contrasts: conservative but also strong elements open to new ideas

ThingsEdit

http://www.zeek.net/604coffee/

The poetically entitled ‘hailstone coffee’ or café barad in Hebrew, a sweet coffee-slush for grown-ups. A local variety of the famed frappuccino, but without the pretension, it is available at every two-bit city street-corner kiosk with room for a revolving slush machine on its counter. In the hot, humid Tel Aviv summer café barad is a supremely tempting product, though in these days of global warming, the barad season can last all the way from March to November. Frappuccino


Eliza Doolitte sings: Barad yarad bidrom sfarad

The Rain in Spain


Barad & Co. Lingerie, manufacturing company (articles on Ebay)


Unit of measurement

http://dictionary.reference.com/search?q=Barad&r=66 Barad

\Bar"ad\, n. [Gr. ? weight.] (Physics) The pressure of one dyne per square centimeter; -- used as a unit of pressure.


Definitions from The Online Plain Text English Dictionary:

Barad

(n.) The pressure of one dyne per square centimeter; -- used as a unit of pressure. OPTED is a public domain English word list dictionary, based on the public domain portion of "The Project Gutenberg Etext of Webster's Unabridged Dictionary" which is in turn based on the 1913 US Webster's Unabridged Dictionary. (See Project Gutenburg.)


Source: Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary, © 1996, 1998 MICRA, Inc.

Biblical references (Hebrew)Edit

http://www.sacrednamebible.com/kjvstrongs/STRHEB12.htm

1258 barad baw-rad' a primitive root, to hail:--hail.

1259 barad baw-rawd' from 'barad' (1258); hail -hail ((stones)).

1260 Bered beh'red from 'barad' (1258); hail; Bered, the name of a place south of Palestine, also of an Israelite:--Bered.

1261 barod baw-rode' from 'barad' (1258); spotted

Bered (1) Berenice

http://www.bible.org/isbe.asp?id=1359 http://www.studylight.org/enc/isb/view.cgi?number=T1359 BERED (2) be'-red (beredh; Barad):

A place in the Negeb mentioned in the story of Hagar (Genesis 16:14). The well Beer-lahai-roi was "between Kadesh and Bered." The Onkelos Targum renders it Chaghra', which is the usual equivalent of Shur, while the Jerusalem Targum renders it Chalutsah, which is also Shur (Exodus 15:22). Chalutsah is clearly the city of Elusu mentioned by Ptolemy and from the 4th to the 7th centuries by various ecclesiastical writers. It was an important town on the road from Palestine to Kadesh and Mount Sinai. This is without doubt the very large and important ruin Kh. Khalasa, some 70 miles South of Jerusalem on the road from Beersheba and Rehoboth. "These ruins cover an area of 15 to 20 acres, throughout which the foundations and enclosures of houses are distinctly to be traced. .... We judged that here there must have been a city with room enough for a population of 15,000 to 20,000 souls" (Robinson, BR, I, 201).

E. W. G. Masterman

http://biblefacts.org/bible/kjv/heb/CONHEB125.htm

1259 barad hail Exo 9:18, Exo 9:19, Exo 9:22, Exo 9:23, Exo 9:23, Exo 9:24, Exo 9:24, Exo 9:25, Exo 9:25, Exo 9:26, Exo 9:28, Exo 9:29, Exo 9:33, Exo 9:34, Exo 10:5, Exo 10:12, Exo 10:15, Job 38:22, Psa 18:12, Psa 18:13, Psa 78:47, Psa 78:48, Psa 105:32, Psa 148:8, Isa 28:2, Isa 28:17, Hag 2:17

hailstones Jos 10:11

The Following Have Multiple Hebrew Words Associated To A Single English Word , Isa 30:30

1260 Bered Bered Gen 16:14, 1 Chr 7:20


http://www.biblequery.org/Bible/BibleCanon/SamaritanPentateuch.htm


Gen 36:39 "Hadar" (most Massoretic texts) vs. "Barad" (Septuagint) vs. "Hadad" (some Massoretic texts, Samaritan Pentateuch, Syriac)

http://ecclesia.org/truth/septuagint-hyperlinked.html

36:35 And Asom died; and Adad son of Barad, who cut off Madiam in the plain of Moab, ruled in his stead; and the name of his city was Getthaim.

36:39 And Ballenon the son of Achobor died; and Arad the son of Barad reigned in his stead; and the name of his city was Phogor; and the name of his wife was Metebeel, daughter of Matraith, son of Maizoob.

http://www.angelfire.com/nv/TheOliveBranch/append62.html

"This man is described in the Syriac book as dwelling in the land of Ausis, on the borders of Idumea and Arabia; and his name before was Jobab; and having taken an Arabian wife, he begat a son whose name was Ennon. He himself was the son of his father Zara, a son of the sons of Esau, and of his mother Bosorrha, so that he was the fifth (*1) from Abraham. And these were the kings who reigned in Edom, which country he also ruled over. First Balak the son of Beor, (*2) and the name of his city was Dennaba. After Balak, Jobab, who is called Job: and after him, Asom, who was governor out of the country of Thaeman; and after him Adad, the son of Barad, that destroyed Madiam in the plain of Moab; and the name of his city was Gethaim. And the friends that came to him were Eliphaz of the sons of Esau, king of the Thaemanites, Baldad sovereign of the Sauchaens, Sophar, king of the Minaeans".

http://www.giveshare.org/library/companionbible/appendices/app62.html

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